Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro was one of the first to carry out an inventory of greenhouse gas emissions at a municipal scale in 2000.

Emissions Reduction

As of: 2017 (measured from: 2012)

Economic Growth

As of: 2019 (Baseline: 2017)

Emissions Reduction Target

Baseline: 2017

Waste Reduction Target

by 2030
Diversion of organic waste from landfill

Emissions by Source

Transport 35.9%
Waste 15.8%
Industrial 12.6%
Buildings 35.6%
Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use 0.1%
As of: 2017

Electricity Mix

As of: 2019; National electricity mix reported

The City of Rio de Janeiro is the largest coastal city and the second largest economic center of Brazil, estimated to have 6.5 million inhabitants in 2016. Rio is also the most important and reputed touristic destination in the country, hosting large national and international events and playing a remarkable role in national politics, economy, culture, and institutions. The visual identity of Rio de Janeiro is strongly associated to its natural landscape including bays and forest massifs. For the same reason, the city presents a high degree of temporal and spatial variation in meteorological elements. Reaching heights superior to 1,000m, the massifs are probably the most determinant element in rainfall patterns, as they shape the penetration of sea winds into the hinterland and act as a physical barrier to rain clouds. Always aware about the beauty and challenges the nature brings to the city, Rio de Janeiro was one of the first to carry out an inventory of greenhouse gas emissions at a municipal scale in 2000. Since then, three inventories have already been prepared, and the last one was verified according to the GPC protocol in 2015. Emission reduction targets were defined and consolidated in the Municipal Law of Climate Change and Sustainable Development, approved in January 2011, which establishes a 20% reduction of emissions from 2005 to 2020. Already planning what to do after this period, the City Hall has also signed a commitment to develop a strategy for reducing emissions from 2020, aiming for neutrality by 2050.

Sustainable Development and Climate Action Plan

Climate Change Adaptation Strategy

The City of Rio de Janeiro has been increasingly committed to tackling the climate issue: it looks towards the future, while implementing actions in the present.

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Monitoring: 2012-2017

Carioca Vegetable Gardens

The City Hall bets on the strategy of local socioeconomic development based on its vocations and accumulated social capital, so that low-income communities that have high rates of malnutrition and some type of environmental vulnerability can guarantee the basic human right to healthy and healthy food. quality, as yet another way to fight hunger and environmental degradation in the Municipality of Rio de Janeiro.


It is the public policy for the recovery of degraded natural ecosystems in the city of Rio de Janeiro.

Nature Conservation Units

The City of Rio de Janeiro has important vegetation fragments from the Atlantic Forest biome and its associated ecosystems, such as restingas and mangroves. One of the forms of environmental protection presupposes the recognition of these remnants as Conservation Units

Solid Waste Management