The vision of a climate-smart Stockholm forms the basis for the Strategy for a fossil-fuel free Stockholm 2040.

Emissions Reduction

As of: 2019 (measured from: 1990)

Economic Growth

As of: 2019 (measured from: 1990)

Emissions Reduction Target

Measured from: 1990

Renewable Energy Target

by 2040

Emissions by Source

Electricity/Energy 19%
Transport 48%
Buildings 33%
As of: 2018

Electricity Mix

As of: 2018

Tranquil nature close to the intensity of the city is the defining characteristic of Stockholm. Here smart solutions make it simple for all residents to lead eco-friendly lives. Without compromising the prospects of future generations, the city can grow and expand based on people’s needs and respect for the natural limits of our planet.

The vision of a climate-smart Stockholm forms the basis for the Strategy for a fossil-fuel free Stockholm 2040, a strategy that describes how the city needs to work to meet and manage the challenge of climate change, one of the most pressing issues of our time. The accelerating pace of climate change is jeopardising our future and that of our children. Stockholm can and must be a leader in efforts to reduce human impact on the global climate by making a successful transition from a society built on fossil fuels to one based on renewables. This essential shift also creates opportunities. Demands for renewable energy, improved energy efficiency and other green solutions are driving the development of a rapidly growing sector. This strategy provides us with the tools we need to become a fossil-fuel free city. It is the foundation on which a sustainable Stockholm will be built.

Fossil fuels currently account for approximately 30 percent of total energy use. This equates to emissions of 2.7 tonnes of CO2e per person (2015). The toughest challenge is that facing the transport sector; it is here that the need for action is most urgent. Electrification and a transport efficient city development are key areas. In 2040 residual fossil fuel is most likely to be found in the aviation and shipping industries. In the energy sector, too, fossil-based plastics are likely to continue to be present in waste that is incinerated in heating plants. To compensate for these residues, carbon sinks can be developed to reduce the city’s climate impact by absorbing atmospheric carbon dioxide. In the shorter term the strategy proposes measures that are those over which the municipal authorities and companies have the greatest power to act. The measures correspond to a reduction of 533,000 tonnes of CO2e between 2013 and 2019 and include actions such as bioenergy heat-and- power plants, promoting biking and public transport in the traffic planning, incentives for electric cars and renewable energy production such as biogas and solar power.

Climate Action Plan


CleanTruck is a project in the City of Stockholm who has demonstrated environmental trucks. In this film we present results for the three environmental truck technicians involved in the project: Ethanol ED95, hybrid electric and methane-diesel. The goal is a fossil fuel independent vehicle fleet in 2030. Today, the trucks for 23 percent of traffic carbon emissions, while providing four percent of traffic in vehicle kilometers. Clean Truck project has so far reduced carbon dioxide emissions by 3,400 tons in Stockholm.

Stockholm - A Pioneer of Clean and Green

Stockholm Royal Seaport: Sustainable Urban Development

The Stockholm Royal Seaport is designated with the environmental mandate to determine what is possible in the current situation and push the boundaries where possible, to become a model of sustainable urban development. It is the largest urban development area in Sweden with at least 12,000 new homes and 35,000 workplaces. Planning work started in the early 2000s and the new city district will be fully developed around 2030.

Urban Mobility Strategy

This strategy provides the guiding policies for priorities in large and small decisions pertaining to the city’s roads and streets to promote a more efficient, safe, attractive, environmentally friendly and healthy Stockholm in line with the vision and the City Plan.

Environment Programme 2020–2023

The City of Stockholm has been a leading environmental city for decades.The first environment programme was produced in 1976 and in 2010 Stockholm was chosen as the frst European Green Capital. With the Environment Programme 2020–2023, the City of Stockholm is consolidating and developing its role as an international role model in global environmental and climate activities.

Freight Plan

Freight transport is facing challenges related to climate, environment and accessibility. The purpose of the Freight Plan is to take a holistic approach to the City’s goods-related work and point the way forward.